Embedding a quote is sometimes called "sandwiching," meaning to place another's words and ideas between your own. This is to ensure that the paper and its analysis remains in your control. The idea here can be simple:

  • introduce the quote with your own words and a general context as to why you would place them in your paper;
  • place the quote as is, or alter words as needed (see below), including your own words if possible; and
  • analyze the quote, commenting on its importance to your paper.

 

Position: Church was a necessity. WHY? The Church Provided Education. HOW? You will research the influence of the Church on education during the middle ages and provide evidence to support your claim that the Church was a necessity. Incorporate the evidence using embedded quotations. See Below for examples of evidence embedded into the paragraph vs. evidence used in isolation (just thrown into the paragraph to show that you used a quote - won't work!)

Sample 1

Embedded quote:

The universities drove an educational revolution in which such traditions as the bachelors, masters, and doctorate degrees were established, and men outside the clergy began to receive education in the sciences and the humanities. Although this revolution began to educate medieval society in a larger scope, “these new educational institutions were largely dominated by the church”, and would not have thrived and developed without the influence of the Catholic Church in medieval society (Daybell).

Without Embedded Quote:

“New educational institutions were largely dominated by the church” and the Catholic Church greatly influenced the development of universities. Thus, education was a necessity in the middle ages. 

Sample 2

Embedded quote

Although the church had long been educating those within the confines of the monastery, for “in its early medieval form, education existed to create a knowledgeable clergy”, in the 12th century “scholastic thinkers desired to reconcile Christian faith with reason”, which led to the establishment of the university. (Mullin)

Without Embedded Quote:

“In its early medieval form, education existed to create a knowledgeable clergy”, in the 12th century “scholastic thinkers desired to reconcile Christian faith with reason”. This is why the church was necessary in Medieval society.

 

 Basic Usage for Simpler Examples

Examples for introducing quotations

1. Pope Urban states, “ ____________” (55).

2. According to Pope Urban, “___________.” (45).

3. In his book,  The Art of Courtly Love, Andreas Cappellanus maintains that “__________” (59).

4. In King Philip's view, “_____________” (39).

5. Queen Pataky argues that, “_______” (39).

 

Examples for including commentary on your quote

1.  Pope Urban's claim that ____________ assumes that ________.

2.  Urban emphasizes _________.

3.  Pataky points out ________ because _________.

4.  King Arthur provides ample evidence that _________ is _________.

5.  Although Queen Crowe's claims support _________, it can also be said that ______.

 

You may use the examples above, but they are only a few simple examples.  The most effective way to introduce quotes and include commentary would require that you tailor your introductions and commentary to fit the topic and purpose of your paper.   

Use present tense.  Notice stated or argued was not used in the examples.

 

Adapted from literacyandtheweb.com