The Enlightenment: What is the best form of government?

Guiding Questions:

What is the purpose of government?

What is the best form of government? To this end, what are the duties of the leader or leaders?

What are the rights and responsibilities of the people?

What inconsistencies or errors in judgment do you think the philosophs have made?



Read the documents below and then fill in this chart. You may also refer to the textbook; if you take it home remember to sign it out (the sign out sheet is inside the closet door).



1. Thomas Hobbes: Leviathan

2. Voltaire: Philosophical Dictionary

3. Locke: The Blank State of Mind

4. Locke: Second Treatise of Civil Government

5. Rousseau: The Social Contract

6. Montesquieu: The Spirit of the Laws

7. David Hume: An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding

8. Jean Le Rond d'Alembert: Preliminary Discourse to the Encyclopedia of Diderot