Part I: Medieval vs. Renaissance Outlook and Opportunity

 

Literature:

 

  1. Why is Pico’s Oration on the Dignity of Man considered to be one of the most powerful statements of individualism from the Renaissance period?
  2. In what ways are accepted beliefs challenged? Give 3 specific examples from the text.

 

Politics:

 

  1. Briefly discuss how the Medici rose from poverty and insignificance and why this is unique to the period.
  2. In what ways did values held by Giovanni, Cosimo, and Lorenzo contribute to the birth of the Renaissance? You must offer at least one example for each of the men listed to support your claim.

 

Part II: How does art reflect the humanist spirit of the Renaissance?

 

As you view the artifacts, address the questions below.  Use art terms as descriptors. (Example: symmetry, perspective, geometry, chiaroscuro).  Apply the inquiry method from How to Read a Painting as well. 

 

Artifacts 1 + 2:

        

Robert Campin:

Mérode Altarpiece   

                                                                                      c. 1425-1428   

 

Madonna and Child, c. 1300

  Duccio di Buoninsegna       

 

 

                                                                                                                                                                                            

Can these paintings be considered transitional pieces (neither distinctively medieval nor modern [from the Renaissance])?  Why or why not?

 

 

 

Do these paintings reflect humanism?  How do you know?  Can you identify the three    hallmarks of humanism: individualism, secularism, and/or classicism?

 

 

 

 

Artifact #3:

       

                                                                                                        Auvergne, France:                                                                         Michelangelo: Pieta, c. 1499                                      

                                                                                                       Virgin and Child in Majesty

                                                                                                                 c. 1150–1200

 

How does Michelangelo’s Pieta compare to the wood sculpture on the left?  Be specific.

 

 

 

 

Do these sculptures reflect humanism?  How do you know?  Can you identify the three hallmarks of humanism: individualism, secularism, and/or classicism?

 

 

 

 

 

Artifact #4:

 

 

Pieter Bruegel: The Peasant Wedding, c. 1568

 

Address the technical elements as well as the symbolism of Bruegel’s painting.  Refer to How to Read a Painting. What is distinguishing about his work?

 

 

 

 

How does this painting reflect humanism?  How do you know?  Can you identify the three hallmarks of humanism: individualism, secularism, and/or classicism?

 

 

 

 

 

 

Artifact #5:

 

 

 

 

Is this a religious or secular painting? How do you know?

 

 

 

 

How does this painting reflect humanism?  How do you know?  Can you identify the three hallmarks of humanism: individualism, secularism, and/or classicism? In what ways are accepted beliefs challenged?

 

Artifact #6: Apollo

Address the technical elements in this painting.  Refer to How to Read a Painting. What is distinguishingly humanist about this piece? Why is this significant for our understanding of the spirit of theRenaissance?