The Enlightenment

Read the Enlightenment documents (below)

  1. Complete an APARTS chart and answer the topic question for each document posted below. You will share what you learned with your peers on Thursday.

  2. In Class: Work as a group to find relevant support for the questions provided below.

  3. HW: Using specific examples, please respond to the following questions.  I'm looking for depth in these answers. This is individual - do not put both names on the same paper or turn in identical work. 2-3 pages typed (approximately 1 full paragraph per question).

  4. Socratic Seminar Monday (questions below). You will use 1-3 above as support.


Part I: Homework Docs


ALL: What is Enlightenment??


Group 1:



The Wealth of Nations:  Adam Smith


Group 2:


Religion: What do the following documents suggest about religion in 18th century Western Europe?


On Miracles:  David Hume


Voltaire:  A Treatise on Toleration



Group 3: What do the following documents suggest about women's roles in 18th century Western Europe? Consider significance of social class and access to education.


Salon Life


Smallpox Vaccination in Turkey:  Lady Mary Wortley Montagu


Education: What do the following documents suggest education in 18th century Western Europe?


On the Education of Women:  Daniel Defoe


Gotthold Ephriam Lessing (1729-1781):
The Education of The Human Race, 1778


Group 4:

Society: What do the following documents suggest about 18th century Western European society? How has the West changed? Stayed the same?


A Modest Proposal:  Jonathan Swift


Discussion about Diderot's Encyclopedia


An Essay on Crimes and Punishments:  Cesare Beccaria



Part II: Jigsaw


  1. Share assigned document findings with your peers and discuss the following:




Part III:


Seminar Monday: Enlightenment thinkers did not classify themselves as revolutionaries.  Their thoughts were discussed and published but they were not activists or politicians.  In this context, what did these people in history contribute?  How are they valuable (if at all) if they did not continuously seek to change their world?  Were their writings enough?