Scientific Revolution or Rediscovery?


Classic Age Science

Red figure, Attic Cup

The Physician at Work 490 BCE


The Hippocratic Oath

Roman wall painting from Boscoreale

Herophilo's theory of the Pulse (Roman Wall Painting - first century BCE, Citharista )


Roman Aqueducts

public latrines

Public Latrines, Ostia, first century BCE


Geometric Cosmology:  Eratosthenus 330BC (above illustration)

Plato's Theory of Forms


Ptolemy (200 A.D.)

Medieval Science

Four Humors

Figure 2


Galen's Venous System

Figure 4


Surgical Examination of a Fractured Cranium


Figure 7

13th century surgery


 Medieval Cosmology


Scientific "Revolution"



"Muscle Man" from Andreas Vesalius' On the Fabric of the Human Body in Seven Books (1543)



Copernican Heliocentric Universe (1543)




Another image from Kepler's Astronomia nova

From Johannes Kepler's The Cosmographic Mystery  (1595)

Galileo's Telescope (c. 1609)



Image:Rembrandt Harmensz. van Rijn 007.jpg

Rembrandt van Rijn, The Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Nicolaes Tulp (1632)