HWCIV

Mid Term Review

 

Topics to review: See Web Calendars for Links!

 

Greece:

 

Archaic Greece: Foundations of Modern Western Civilization (Around 1700 BC)

·          Minoan and Mycenaean Civilizations

The Greek Middle Ages or Dark Ages  (Around 1200 to 750)

·          Homer: Iliad/Odyssey (as they relate to defining the Greek culture)

·          Homeric Ideals: Reciprocity, Aręte, Xenia, Argon

Ancient Greece (Around 800-500)

·          The Polis

·          Sparta vs. Athens

·          Allies to Adversaries: Persian and Peloponnesian Wars

Classic Greece (Around 500-350)

·          Democracy:

·          Pericles on Athenian Democracy excerpt

·          Funeral Oration

·          Philosophers: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle

·          Greek Theater: See link for outline – responsible for all Tragedy, comedy, satyr etc

Hellenistic Greece (Around 350-150)

·          Philip of Macedonia

·          Aristotle and Alexander

·          Alexander the Great

 

 

Rome:

The Etruscans (Monarchy: 753-509 BC)

·          Interactions between the Etruscan, Latin and Greek civilizations of early Rome.

·          How was Roman or Latin society different from that of the Etruscans?

·          What was the distinction between plebian and patrician?

·          How did the Etruscans assist in the development of Rome?

The Republic (509-27 BC)

·          Struggle b/w plebeians and patricians

·          Gracchi Brothers

·          12 Tables

·          Slavery/Gladiators

·          Roman government: branches/divisions/duties

·          1st/2nd Triumvirate: generals/objectives/outcomes

·          Citizenship: significance/criteria

·          Pompey, Caesar, Crassus, Plutarch, Octavian, Mark Antony, Cleopatra

·          Roman women

·          Paterfamilias

·          Roman Religion

·          Roman Law:

1.        How did Roman law safeguard the rights of individuals?

2.        Which laws restricted the freedoms of individuals

3.        How did Roman law maintain order and provide security for the entire society?

4.        Why many praised the Twelve Tables and preferred to live under this Roman legal code instead of under the laws of their native governments.