Theme III: Emergence of the Modern West
Purpose: To recognize and evaluate the influence of classical ideals on emerging modern western culture.
Essential Question: Were the ideals embraced by an emerging modern European society the result of innovation in a new age or simply imitation of classical thought?
o Role of Italian states (Florence, Venice) in bringing about the Renaissance
o Northern Renaissance
o Visual arts in the Renaissance (painting, sculpture, architecture)
o Printing press as catalyst for change
o Education and literature – Scholasticism v. Humanism (Pico’s Oration)
o Political philosophy – Machiavelli’s The Prince
· Reformation and Counter-Reformation:
o Luther and Ninety-Five Theses
o Decline of the Catholic Church
o Henry VIII and the Church of England
· Rise of Absolutism and Constitutionalism:
o Divine right of kings
o Move toward constitutionalism
· Age of Discovery:
o Maritime exploration and technology
· The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment:
o Key figures and philosophies
· CSS 1.3 – Demonstrate an understanding of significant events and themes in world history.
o Analyze the impact of technological and scientific change on the world civilizations.
o Explain how the arts, architecture, music, and literature of a civilization/nation reflect its culture and history.
· Renaissance: Explain how the political, cultural, and intellectual ideas of the Renaissance revived the classics and laid the foundation for the modern state.
· Exploration and Scientific Revolution: Analyze the impact of technological and scientific change on Western civilization.
· Reformation: Identify and evaluate the factors which called into question the traditional scope and power of the Catholic Church
· Absolutism: Assess monarchs’ use of divine right to justify their authority.
· Draw inferences from factual material
· Read and interpret historical sources critically and analytically
· Identify and explain historical issues that have shaped the modern world