Indian Removal Map Activity
Honors United States History
Background: This map covers the years from 1830-1842 and shows the forced removal of Native tribes from the Southern and Western parts of the early United States.
Task: Please complete the following:
I. Label the following bodies of water and shade them the color blue.
1. Atlantic Ocean 4. Lake Erie
2. Gulf of Mexico 5. Lake Michigan
3. Mississippi River
II. Label the following states by printing in black but do not color them.
1. Missouri 11. Arkansas
2. Louisiana 12. Mississippi
3. Alabama 13. Florida
4. Georgia 14. South Carolina
5. North Carolina 15. Tennessee
6. Illinois 16. Indiana
7. Ohio 17. Kentucky
8. Virginia 18. Maryland
9. Delaware 19. Pennsylvania
10. New Jersey 20. New York
III. Label where the following Native nations lived before 1830 – use a different color for each.
1. Seminole 6. Miami
2. Creek 7. Choctaw
3. Cherokee 8. Chickasaw
4. Shawnee 9. Ottawa
5. Sauk 10. Fox
IV. Shade the area given to Native nations with their respective colors and label it “Indian Territory.”
V. Using arrows, show the routes taken by the Native nations when they moved to the West
VI. Why did Congress choose the specific site that they did for the Indian Territory?
Background: Federal Indian policy during the period from 1870 to 1900 marked a departure from earlier policies that were dominated by removal, treaties, reservations, and even war. The new policy focused specifically on breaking up reservations by granting land allotments to individual Native Americans. Very sincere individuals reasoned that if a person adopted white clothing and ways, and was responsible for his own farm, he would gradually drop his Indianess and be assimilated into the population. Then there would be no more necessity for the government to oversee Indian welfare in the paternalistic way it had been obligated to do, or provide meagre annuities that seemed to keep the Indian in a subservient and poverty stricken position.
Map II: The Dawes Act; Indian Territory (Oklahoma) 1885 and 1891