ZINN CHAPTER 9: PART I -- pp. 167-179

1. To what extent was the termination of the slave trade in 1808 enforced? Why?

2. Explain the statement: "Are the conditions of slavery as important as the
    existence of slavery?

3. What evidence does Zinn include to prove the existence of slave revolts in the
    United States?

4. Analyze the impact of Nat Turner’s rebellion on Southern thought.

5. Explain the phrase: Among slaves there was "simultaneous accommodation
    and resistance to slavery." Provide examples to support your explanation.

6. To what extent was the Underground Railroad successful? Provide evidence.

7. How were poor whites utilized by plantation owners to maintain control?

8. Explain the use of religion as a means of control.

9. To what extent did slaves maintain their sense of culture, community, and

10. Explain the significance of David Walker.

11. Explain the significance of Frederick Douglass.

12. What was the basic message of Douglass’ Independence Day address in July,

13. Contrast the abolitionist views of Frederick Douglass and William Lloyd
     Garrison. How did they generally represent black and white abolitionist views?


ZINN CHAPTER 9: PART II -- pp. 180-192

1. How does Zinn justify that black abolitionists were the "backbone of the
    antislavery movement."

2. How does W.E.B. Du Bois characterize John Brown and his attack on
    Harper’s Ferry?

3. For what reasons does Zinn criticize the national government when discussing
    Brown’s execution?

4. Overall, how does Zinn characterize Lincoln? Provide examples.

5. Discuss the legal provisions of the Emancipation Proclamation (i.e., what did it
    do and what didn’t it do?).

6. Explain Hofstadter’s statement: The Emancipation Proclamation "had all the
    moral grandeur of a bill of lading."

7. What significance did the Emancipation Proclamation have on the war’s

8. What caused draft riots in 1863?

9. As the Civil War wore on, how did the South respond vis-à-vis slaves?

10. How did black women play an important part in the war?

11. In general, what position did most slaves take during the war?

12. How did the treatment of blacks in the Union army and northern cities
     foreshadow the limitations of emancipation?

ZINN CHAPTER 9: PART III -- pp. 192-205

1. What did the U.S. government do with abandoned plantations in the fallen

2. Analyze the statement: "The American government had set out to fight the
    slave states in 1861, not to end slavery, but to retain the enormous national
    territory and market and resources.

3. What political conditions existed that provided for the passage of the 13th,
    14th, and 15th Amendments?

4. Explain the significance of the "black codes."

5. To what extent did blacks assert their freedom in the years immediately
    following the Civil War? Provide evidence.

6. How does Zinn defend the increase in South Carolina’s debt?

7. In what ways did the white Southern leadership use its power to deny rights of
    African Americans?

8. What role did the Supreme Court play with regard to African American rights
    in the years following the Civil War? Provide evidence.

9. Who was John Harlan and what were his views concerning the Supreme Court
    decisions that deprived blacks their rights?

10. In what ways did the South look to the national government for help?

11. Explain the significance of the election of 1876 on in the South.

12. How does Zinn justify the actions of Booker T. Washington?

13. To what extent did the conditions for African Americans in the post-Civil War
      South lead to migration?

14. How did W.E.B. Du Bois view the exploitation of blacks as part of a larger
     trend in the U.S.?