Reading for SOAPS

What is the Subject? the general topic, content, ideas contained in the text.

What is the Occasion? the time and place of the piece, the situation that provoked the writer to write?

Who is the Audience? the group of readers to whom the piece is directed.

What is the Purpose? the reason behind the text.

Who is the Speaker? the voice behind the text, what do you know about him/her from reading the text?